welcome back to uitm!
how's yours holiday??
naaa,let me guess..very bored & tension,is it??
a lot of assignment need to done it..
(depends on my experiece actually! ) wawa :P
i have no time to spend my time hang out with my friends n family..All my holidays finished with nothing..i'm struggle to finishing all my assignment..but unfortunately,i can't to finish it..OMG!! uarghh!! but... all things run smoothly..Alhamdulillah,my assignment already submit! yeay!! ^__^
ok,ok..Back to our discussion about adverb.
What is an ADVERB??
An adverb is a word that tells us more about a verb. It "qualifies" or "modifies" a verb (The man ran quickly). In the following examples, the adverb is in bold and the verb that it modifies is in italics.
But adverbs can also modify adjectives (Tara is really beautiful), or even other adverbs (It works very well). Look at these examples:
- Modify an adjective:
- He is really handsome. (How handsome is he?)
- That was extremely kind of you.
- Modify another adverb:
- She drives incredibly slowly. (How slowly does she drive?)
- He drives extremely fast.
Note that adverbs have other functions, too. They can:
- Modify a whole sentence: Obviously, I can't know everything.
- Modify a prepositional phrase: It's immediately inside the door.
- quick (adjective) > quickly (adverb)
- careful (adjective) > carefully (adverb)
- beautiful (adjective) > beautifully (adverb)
|Adjective ending||do this||adjective||adverb|
|most adjectives||add -ly||quick|
|-able or -ible||change -e to -y||regrettable|
|-y||change -y to -ily||happy||happily|
|-ic||change -ic to -ically||economic||economically|
But not all words that end in -ly are adverbs. The words friendly, lovely, lonely and neighbourly, for example, are all adjectives.
And some adverbs have no particular form. Look at these examples:
- well, fast, very, never, always, often, still
Kinds of AdverbsHere you can see the basic kinds of adverbs.
Adverbs of MannerAdverbs of Manner tell us the manner or way in which something happens. They answer the question "how?". Adverbs of Manner mainly modify verbs.
- He speaks slowly. (How does he speak?)
- They helped us cheerfully. (How did they help us?)
- Ahmad drives his cars fast. (How does Ahmad drive his cars?)
- He ran fast. She came quickly. They worked happily.
Adverbs of PlaceAdverbs of Place tell us the place where something happens. They answer the question "where?". Adverbs of Place mainly modify verbs.
- Please sit here. (Where should I sit?)
- They looked everywhere. (Where did they look?)
- Two cars were parked outside. (Where were two cars parked?)
Adverbs of TimeAdverbs of Time tell us something about the time that something happens. Adverbs of Time mainly modify verbs.
They can answer the question "when?":
- He came yesterday. (When did he come?)
- I want it now. (When do I want it?)
- They deliver the newspaper daily. (How often do they deliver the newspaper?)
- We sometimes watch a movie. (How often do we watch a movie?)
Adverbs of DegreeAdverbs of Degree tell us the degree or extent to which something happens. They answer the question "how much?" or "to what degree?". Adverbs of Degree can modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs.
- She entirely agrees with him. (How much does she agree with him?)
- Mary is very beautiful. (To what degree is Mary beautiful? How beautiful is Mary?)
- He drove quite dangerously. (To what degree did he drive dangerously? How dangerously did he drive?)
Adverb PositionWhen an adverb modifies a verb, there are usually 3 possible positions within the sentence or clause:
|1. FRONT - before subject||Now||I will read a book.|
|2. MID - between subject + verb||I||often||read books.|
|3. END - after verb/object||I read books||carefully.|
When an adverb modifies an adjective or another adverb, it usually goes in front of the word that it modifies, for example:
|She gave him a||really||dirty||look.|
The position of an adverb often depends on the kind of adverb (manner, place, time, degree). The following table gives you some guidelines for placement based on the kind of adverb.
|Warning: these are guidelines only, and not complete. There are many exceptions.|
|kind of adverb||mainly modifies||sentence||usual position|
|manner||verbs||She stroked his hair||gently.||END|
|place||verbs||He was working||here.||END|
|time||definite||verbs||He finished the job||yesterday.||END|
|frequency||We||often||go to Paris.||MID|
|degree||verbs, adjectives and adverbs||I||nearly||died.||MID|
|It was||terribly||funny.||before adjective|
|He works||really||fast.||before adverb|